Nowadays, due to the scarcity of log resources and the fierce custom market, wood-based panel industry, with its unique advantages, ushered in a good opportunity for development, more and more wood-based panel furniture into our lives. In fact, China’s wood-based panel industry began to appear at the beginning of the last century, and experienced a long period of development from introduction, digestion, to subversive innovation. After entering the 21st century, the major wood-based panel consumption industries have developed rapidly, such as construction industry, furniture manufacturing industry, etc. The development of these industries has further led to the development of wood-based panel industry.
The Meaning of Wood-based Panels
We often talk about wood-based panels, but what does it really mean? In fact, it refers to the use of wood or other non-wood plants as raw materials, separated into various unit materials by certain mechanical processing, and then bonded with or without adhesives and other additives.
In addition, wood-based panels have been widely used in furniture industry because of their own characteristics. On the one hand, wood-based panels are mainly made of wood and plant fibers, which can greatly improve the utilization of wood. On the other hand, wood-based panels have more superior properties than natural wood, such as cracking, joints, etc. They can not only turn inferior wood into high-quality board, but also have super physical stability. They have excellent performance in moisture-proof, wear-resistant and other aspects. Common wood-based panels
There are many kinds of wood-based panels, such as wood-based panels (large core panels), decorative panels, plywood, particleboard (particle boards), density boards, fiberboard and so on. Each board has different characteristics. Among them, plywood, particleboard and fiberboard are widely used.
Plywood is a kind of three or more layers of laminated material, which is made up of wood segments cut into veneers or wood planing into thin wood and then bonded with adhesives. It has light weight, high strength and good toughness. Particleboard is also called solid wood particle board. It is a kind of wood-based panel, which is made of wood or other wood-based edges broken into pieces and glued by adhesives under the action of heat and pressure. So it is also called particleboard. It has a uniform structure, good moisture-proof property, small amount of glue used in the production process, and good sound absorption performance. It is often used to make furniture cabinets.
Fiberboard, also known as density board, is a wood-based panel made of wood or other vegetable fibers with urea-formaldehyde resin or other suitable adhesives. It is more uniform in structure and has higher flexural strength. It is often used to make furniture door panels.
Development Trend of Wood-based Panel Industry
The wood-based panel industry is developing rapidly and its volume is expanding gradually. According to the data released by Forward Looking Network, the total output of wood-based panels in China in 2018 is 299.09 billion cubic meters, an increase of 1.44% over 2017. Among them, the plywood board is 1789.8 million cubic meters, the fiberboard is 61.68 million cubic meters, the particleboard is 27.32 million cubic meters, and other wood-based panels are 31.11 million cubic meters (blockboard accounts for 53%). The whole industry presents the following three characteristics.
First, demand for plywood increased, accounting for 59.84% of wood-based panels and 90% of wood-based panels. Second, fiberboard slightly declined, accounting for 20.62%, straw fiberboard development space is large. Thirdly, the production of particleboard decreased slightly and directional etching particleboard developed well.
Although China has become a major producer of wood-based panels, it still needs to further enhance the comprehensive strength of all aspects in the future development.
First of all, with the further strengthening of consumers’awareness of environmental protection and health, the wood-based panels which are closely related to people’s home life have become the focus of attention. “Environmental protection” as a long-term problem facing the wood-based panel industry, in recent years, the government’s strict control of environmental protection, but also let wood-based panel enterprises began to constantly improve environmental standards. At the same time, a number of new functional environmental protection wood-based panels have emerged, injecting new vitality into the industry.
Secondly, behind the rapid development of the wood-based panel industry, problems such as the lack of downstream information, a large number of low-end excess capacity, unreasonable industrial structure, and declining profits gradually emerge. Only by solving these problems, can we break the predicament and usher in a new situation.
Finally, with the continuous development of economy and scarcity of natural resources, countries pay more attention to the use of forest resources, which indirectly leads to the development of wood-based panels in the direction of higher added value. However, the market of wood-based panels has greater development potential in the future. For enterprises, in order to stand out in homogeneous market, they must create their own value and find a longer-term development path.